ancient days Jhelum was known as Jalham. This word is combination
of two words Jal & Ham. Jal means pure water & Ham stands
for snow.Jhelum is located in northern Pakistan. Jhelum river is
one of the subsiaries of the Punjab river. It's a very old city.
It was known to the Greeks as Hydaspes - Alexander the great dropped
by when he tried to conquer the planet.
Jhelum is situated in the North-East of Punjab, Jhelum spreads on
both sides of the Grand Trunk Road. It is bound in the North by
Rawalpindi District, in the South by Mandi Baha-ud-Din, Gujrat and
Sargodha in the East by Azad Jammu and Kashmir and in the West by
Chakwal & Khushab from which it is separated by the mountain
range called the Kohistan-e-Namak.
The river passes through the Eastern and Southern Parts of the district.
The soil adjoining the river is generally plain, alluvial and quite
fertile. This area is generally cultivable and produces all types
of crops. In the North, however, most of the upland is rough and
broken. The land here is mostly fertile but Barani Mountains of
the Salt Range with interspersed plateaus cover much of it. The
western edge of Tehsil PD Khan is both exceedingly rough and difficult
in approach making this area relatively inaccessible. The newly
constructed Motorway is now opened up this area.